Human Sexuality: Studying Sexuality

Human Sexuality – Chapter One – Studying Sexuality 

Vocabulary 

  • Personal Sexual Philosophy: a person’s foundation of knowledge, attributes and actions relating to what a person wants / who they are as a sexual being.
  • Human Sexuality: Area of research focusing on all aspects of humans as sexual beings.
  • Morals: A person’s unique attitude about right and wrong.
  • Gender Identity: The sex (male/female) that a person identifies him/herself to be.
  • Sexual Orientation: Term specifying the sex of those to whom a person is primarily romantically/emotionally/sexually attracted to.
  • Celibate: Choosing to forgo all sexual activities
  • Abstinence-Only Approach: The decision to avoid teaching about sexual activities, STIs, contraception etc. Based on belief that such education is unnecessary if people are taught to abstain from sexual behaviors.
  • Sexual Health: Physical, Emotional, Psychological and Interpersonal well-being regarding a persons sexuality.
  • Survey: Collection of data from a group of individuals about their beliefs attitudes, or behaviors.
  • Respondents: Individuals responding to a request for information
  • Target Population: The group of people to which a researcher is attempting to apply a studies finding.
  • Sample: a subset of the target population selected by researchers to represent the population being studied.
  • Random Sampling: Selecting a sample in such a way that all have a chance of being chosen.
  • Self-Selection Bias: Allowing members of the population to volunteer to participate in the study, may influence randomness and validity.
  • Observational Research: Gathering behavioral data through direct or indirect observation.
  • Correlational Research:  Determining the extent to which two variables are related.
  • Experimental Method: Variables of interest are changed, everything else remains the same.
  • Treatment: Action preformed on or by a group in a experiment.
  • Experimental Group: Participants who are subject to a variable
  • Control Group: Participants who behave normally. 
  • Independent Variable: Variable that is changed.
  • Dependent Variable: Result of the experiment, affected by independent variable.
  • Reliability: Extent to which a experiment is consistent over multiple trials.
  • Validity: Extent to which a measurement accurately reflects the concept being measured.
  • Informed Consent: Agreeing to participate in a study knowing what is involved.
  • Debriefing: Explanation of purpose and potential contributions of the study.

Source: Human Sexuality, Roger Hock, Ed. 4th 

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